PVD High Performance Coatings

  Table with study documents Copyright: © IOT



Dr. Christian Kalscheuer

Chief Engineer


+49 241 80-96512



Lecture and Exam information


In particular, students will know:

  • the fundamentals of physical vapour deposition (PVD) thin film technology especially on coating deposition and coating characteristics
  • process-specific features and differences as well as process-related coating properties
  • the innovative and industrially established analysis methods from plasma diagnostics to tribological testing
  • application-oriented process and coating material selection as well as coating deposition

After successful participating in the module course, students are able to describe typical coating processes of PVD thin film technology, explain the process-specific advantages and disadvantages as well as the limitations of the processes and coating systems, describe the areas of application of different coating systems and materials and list typical application examples.

Students will be able to understand the use and selection of different PVD coating processes and coating materials for application areas, general mechanical engineering, production and manufacturing technology, energy technology, automotive and aerospace technology and medical technology.


Summary of the contents of PVD High Performance Coatings



1. Applications and potentials of PVD thin film technology
  • Economic significance
  • Application examples
2. Process engineering fundamentals of PVD thin film technology

3. Plasma technology basics of PVD thin film technology
  • Direct Current Magnetron Sputtering (dcMS)
  • Pulsed variations (mfMS; HPPMS; dcMS/HPPMS)
4. Process variants Magnetron Sputtering (MS) and Arc Evaporation (Arc)
  • Arc Evaporation
  • Pulsed Arc Evaporation

5. Process variation Gas Flow Sputtering (GFS) and Electron Beam Evaporation (EB)

6. Diamond like Carbon (DLC) coating
  • Fundamentals, Variations, Production
  • Application examples
7. Nitridic and oxidic hard coatings
  • Fundamentals, Variations, Production
  • Application examples
8. Oxidic protective coatings
  • Fundamentals, Variations, Production
  • Application examples
9. Application-oriented coating development, coating production and practical testing
  • Mechanical and chemical substrate preparation
  • Sample charging, deposition
  • Methods of modern surface analysis
10. Testing of the fundamental coating properties
  • Coating thickness
  • Topography
  • Mechanical properties
  • Phase composition
11. Testing the adhesion between coating and base material
  • Rockwell indentation
  • Scratch test
  • Impact test
12. Testing and evaluation of the performance characteristics
  • Tribological tests
  • Wetting behavior
  • Raman spectroscopy